System fluidity is analysed in the tactical theory System Fluidity guide. Types of system fluidity include:

  • More structured
  • More fluid
  • Balanced

System fluidity can be implemented in Football Manager by using the Team Shape team instructions.

Detailed below for each type of system fluidity are:

  • Key team instructions - the team instructions that are needed to implement the system fluidity.
  • Required role specialisation - the role specialisation required by the system fluidity and how this can be achieved using tactical roles, as detailed in the tactical theory. The related Football Manager player roles are detailed below in the Summary of Player Roles.
  • Player suitability - player suitability as detailed in the tactical theory. The related Football Manager player attributes are detailed in the Attribute Combinations guide. This should also be taken into account when assessing player suitability for playing styles.
  • Implementing a playing style - how playing styles are typically implemented when using the system fluidity, as detailed in the tactical theory Playing Styles guide, and appropriate types of team instruction and player instruction for implementing a playing style when using the system fluidity. The Playing Styles guide will discuss how to implement a playing style in Football Manager in more detail.

1. More Structured Playing Systems

1.1. Key Team Instructions

1.2. Required Role Specialisation

1.3. Player Suitability

1.4. Implementing a Playing Style

Each of the style-defining methods of a playing style is typically implemented by incorporating its use to a greater extent into the tactical roles of particular players.

Therefore, appropriate team and player instructions for implementing each of the style-defining methods of a playing style are:

  • Player instructions - for particular players according to player suitability.
  • Non-replicable team instructions - these are team instructions that cannot be replicated using player instructions.

2. More Fluid Playing Systems

2.1. Key Team Instructions

  • Very Fluid or Fluid team shape.

2.2. Required Role Specialisation

2.3. Player Suitability

  • Outfield players - good intelligence and flexible attacking and defensive abilities.

2.4. Implementing a Playing Style

Each of the style-defining methods of a playing style is typically implemented by incorporating its use to a greater extent into the tactical roles of players in general.

Therefore, appropriate team and player instructions for implementing each of the style-defining methods of a playing style are:

  • Team instructions.
  • Non-replicable player instructions - for particular players according to player suitability. These are player instructions that cannot be replicated using team instructions.

3. Balanced Playing Systems

3.1. Key Team Instructions

  • Flexible team shape.

3.2. Required Role Specialisation

  • Moderate - this can be achieved by assigning mixed specialist and generalist tactical roles.

3.3. Implementing a Playing Style

Appropriate team and player instructions for implementing each of the style-defining methods of a playing style are:

  • Non-replicable team instructions.
  • Non-replicable player instructions.
  • Either replicable team instructions or replicable player instructions - for each individual playing method, chosen as appropriate according to player suitability.

4. Summary of Player Roles

Listed below are the Football Manager player roles ordered according to their level of role specialisation, as long as the player roles are used with their default specific player instructions.

Custom player roles can also be created to increase role specialisation by using specific player instructions.

As explained in the tactical theory System Fluidity guide, tactical roles that include a greater number of attacking and defensive role types that enable a player to perform a positional responsibility to a greater extent are considered to be specialist player roles, while tactical roles that include a lesser number of attacking and defensive role types that enable a player to perform a positional responsibility to a greater extent are considered to be generalist player roles.

4.1. Central Defence

4.1.1. Generalist Player Roles

  • 2 - Libero (support)
  • 4 - Libero (attack), ball-playing defender (defend)
  • 5 - Sweeper (defend), central defender (defend), ball-playing defender (stopper), ball-playing defender (cover)

4.1.2. Specialist Player Roles

  • 6 - Central defender (stopper), central defender (cover)
  • 7 - Limited defender (defend)
  • 8 - Limited defender (stopper), limited defender (cover)

4.2. Central Midfield

4.2.1. Generalist Roles

  • 0 - Defensive midfielder (support), central midfielder (support)
  • 1 - Central midfielder (attack), box-to-box midfielder (support)
  • 2 - Central midfielder (defend)
  • 3 - Defensive midfielder (defend), ball-winning midfielder (support), regista (support), roaming playmaker (support), advanced playmaker (support)

4.2.2. Specialist Roles

  • 4 - Deep-lying playmaker (defend), deep-lying playmaker (support), half back (defend), advanced playmaker (attack)
  • 5 - Anchor man (defend)
  • 7 - Ball-winning midfielder (defend)

4.3. Wide Defence

4.3.1. Generalist Roles

  • 1 - full back (support), wing back (support)
  • 2 - Full back (attack)
  • 4 - Full back (defend), wing back (defend)

4.3.2. Specialist Roles

  • 5 - Wing back (attack)
  • 6 - Complete wing back (support), complete wing back (attack), inverted wing back (support)
  • 8 - Limited full back (defend)

4.4. Wide Attack

4.4.1. Generalist Roles

  • 0 - Wide midfielder (support)
  • 2 - Wide midfielder (attack), defensive winger (support)
  • 3 - Winger (support), wide target man (attack)
  • 4 - Wide midfielder (defend), defensive winger (defend), inside forward (support), inside forward (attack), wide target man (support)

4.4.2. Specialist Roles

  • 5 - Winger (attack), wide playmaker (support), advanced playmaker (support), raumdeuter (attack)
  • 6 - Advanced playmaker (attack)
  • 7 - Wide playmaker (attack)

4.5. Central Attack

4.5.1. Generalist Roles

  • 0 - Attacking midfielder (support)
  • 1 - Attacking midfielder (attack)
  • 2 - Deep lying forward (support), target man (support), defensive forward (support)
  • 3 - Advanced playmaker (support), enganche (attack), deep lying forward (attack), advanced forward (attack), target man (attack), poacher (attack)

4.5.2. Specialist Roles

  • 4 - Advanced playmaker (attack), defensive forward (defend)
  • 5 - Shadow striker (attack), complete forward (support), false nine (support)
  • 6 - Trequartista (attack)
  • 7 - Complete forward (attack)
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