Details of tactical roles* are provided below for reference when using the Playing Styles guide.

1. Player-Based Style Methods

Player-based style methods* are used to customise playing styles* when using a more structured team shape or the Flexible team shape, as explained in the System Fluidity guide. They can be implemented by assigning appropriate tactical roles.

The tactical roles that can be assigned in order to implement player-based style methods are detailed below. Their suitability for different playing styles is detailed in the Playing Styles guide.

1.1. Roaming Players

Roaming players* can be used to implement roaming movement* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Players instructed to Roam From Position.

Player roles and duties:

  • Regista (DM Support)
  • Roaming Playmaker (DM/CM Support)
  • Box To Box Midfielder (CM Support)
  • Complete Wing Back (FB/WB Support/Attack)
  • Inverted Wing Back (FB/WB Support)
  • Wide Playmaker (WM Support/Attack)
  • Raumdeuter (WF Attack)
  • Trequartista (AM/CF Attack)
  • Complete Forward (CF Support/Attack)

Avoid or limit the use of disciplined-running players.

1.2. Disciplined-Running Players

Disciplined-running players* can be used to implement disciplined movement* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

Player roles and duties:

  • Sweeper (SW Defend)
  • Central Defender (CB Defend/Stopper/Cover)
  • Ball Playing Defender (CB Defend/Stopper/Cover)
  • Defensive Centre Back (CB Defend/Stopper/Cover)
  • Defensive Midfielder (DM Defend)
  • Deep Lying Playmaker (DM/CM Defend/Support)
  • Ball Winning Midfielder (DM/CM Defend)
  • Anchor Man (DM Defend)
  • Half Back (DM Defend)
  • Central Midfielder (CM Defend)
  • Full Back (FB Defend)
  • Wing Back (FB/WB Defend)
  • Defensive Full Back (FB Defend)
  • Wide Midfielder (WM Defend)
  • Defensive Winger (WM Defend)
  • Wide Target Man (WF Support)
  • Defensive Forward (CF Defend)

Avoid or limit the use of roaming players.

1.3. Dribbling Players

Dribbling players* can be used to implement direct dribbles* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Players instructed to Dribble More.

Player roles and duties:

  • Roaming Playmaker (DM/CM Support)
  • Advanced Playmaker (CM/WF/AM Attack)
  • Wing Back (FB/WB Attack)
  • Complete wing back (FB/WB Support/Attack)
  • Inverted Wing Back (FB Support/Attack)
  • Winger (WM/WF Support/Attack)
  • Defensive Winger (WM Defend/Support)
  • Wide Playmaker (WM Attack)
  • Inside Forward (WF Support/Attack)
  • Trequartista (AM/CF Attack)
  • Shadow Striker (AM Attack)
  • Advanced Forward (CF Attack)
  • Complete Forward (CF Support/Attack)
  • False Nine (CF Support)

Avoid or limit the use of restricted-dribbling players.

1.4. Restricted-Dribbling Players

Restricted-dribbling players* can be used to implement refraining from dribbles* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Players instructed to Dribble Less.

Player roles and duties:

  • Sweeper (SW Defend)
  • Central Defender (CB Defend/Stopper/Cover)
  • Defensive Centre Back (CB Defend/Stopper/Cover)
  • Defensive Midfielder (DM Defend)
  • Ball Winning Midfielder (DM/CM Defend)
  • Anchor Man (DM Defend)
  • Half Back (DM Defend)
  • Defensive Full Back (FB Defend)
  • Wide Target Man (WF Support/Attack)
  • Enganche (AM Attack)
  • Target Man (CF Support/Attack)

Avoid or limit the use of dribbling players.

1.5. Ball-Playing Players

Ball-playing players* can be used to implement risky passes* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Players instructed to make More Risky Passes.

Player roles and duties:

  • Libero (SW - Support/Attack)
  • Ball Playing Defender (CB Defend/Stopper/Cover)
  • Advanced Playmaker (CM/WF/AM Support/Attack)
  • Inverted Wing Back (FB/WB Support)
  • Wide Midfielder (WM Attack)
  • Wide Playmaker (WM Attack)
  • Inside Forward (WF Support)
  • Trequartista (AM/CF Attack)
  • Enganche (AM Attack)
  • Shadow Striker (AM Attack)
  • Deep Lying Forward (CF Support)
  • Complete Forward (CF Support/Attack)
  • False Nine (CF Support)

Avoid or limit the use of safe-passing players.

1.6. Safe-Passing Players

Safe-passing players* can be used to implement safe passes* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Players instructed to make Fewer Risky Passes.

Player roles and duties:

  • Central Defender (CB Defend/Stopper/Cover)
  • Defensive Centre Back (CB Defend/Stopper/Cover)
  • Ball Winning Midfielder (DM/CM Defend)
  • Anchor Man (DM Defend)
  • Full Back (FB Defend)
  • Wing Back (FB/WB Defend)
  • Defensive Full Back (FB/WB Defend)
  • Wide Midfielder (WM Defend)
  • Poacher (CF Attack)
  • Defensive Forward (CF Defend/Support)

Avoid or limit the use of ball-playing players.

1.7. Crossers

Crosses* can be used to implement crosses* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Players instructed to Cross More Often.

Player roles and duties:

  • Full back (FB Attack)
  • Wing Back (FB/WB Attack)
  • Complete Wing Back (FB/WB Support/Attack)
  • Winger (WM/WF Support/Attack)

Avoid or limit the use of restricted-crossing players.

1.8. Restricted-Crossing Players

Restricted-crossing players* can be used to implement refraining from crosses* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Players instructed to Cross Less Often.

Player roles and duties:

  • Defensive Full Back (FB Defend)
  • Inverted Wing Back (FB/WB Support)
  • Wide Playmaker (WM Support/Attack)
  • Advanced Playmaker (WF Support/Attack)
  • Inside Forward (WF Support/Attack)
  • Raumdeuter (WF Attack)

Avoid or limit the use of crossers.

1.9. Deep-Crossing Players

Deep-crossing players* can be used to implement crosses from deep* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Players instructed to Cross From Deep.

Player roles and duties:

  • Full Back (FB Defend/Support)
  • Wing Back (FB/WB Defend)
  • Wide Midfielder (WM Defend)

Avoid or limit the use of byline-crossing players.

1.10. Byline-Crossing Players

Byline-crossing players* can be used to implement crosses from byline* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Players instructed to Cross From Byline.

Player roles and duties:

  • Wing Back (FB/WB Attack)
  • Complete Wing Back (FB/WB Support/Attack)
  • Winger (WM/WF Attack)

Avoid or limit the use of deep-crossing players.

1.11. Shot-Taking Players

Shot-taking players* can be used to implement speculative shots* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Players instructed to Shoot More Often.

Player roles and duties:

  • Libero (SW Attack)

Avoid or limit the use of restricted-shooting players.

1.12. Restricted-Shooting Players

Restricted-shooting players* can be used to implement refraining from shots* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Players instructed to Shoot Less Often.

Player roles and duties:

  • Sweeper (SW Defend)
  • Central Defender (CB Defend/Stopper/Cover)
  • Defensive Centre Back (CB Defend/Stopper/Cover)
  • Deep Lying Playmaker (DM/CM Defend/Support)
  • Anchor Man (DM Defend)
  • Advanced Playmaker (CM/WF/AM Support/Attack)
  • Defensive Centre Back (FB Defend)
  • Wide Playmaker (WM Support/Attack)

Avoid or limit the use of shot-taking players.

1.13. Creative Players

Creative players* can be used to implement creative freedom* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Libero (SW Support/Attack)
  • Ball Playing Defender (CB Defend/Stopper/Cover)
  • Deep Lying Playmaker (DM/CM Defend/Support)
  • Regista (DM Support)
  • Roaming Playmaker (DM/CM Support)
  • Advanced Playmaker (CM/WF/AM Support/Attack)
  • Inverted Wing Back (FB/WB Support)
  • Wide Playmaker (WM Support/Attack)
  • Trequartista (AM/CF Attack)
  • Enganche (AM Attack)
  • Complete Forward (CF Support/Attack)
  • False Nine (CF Support)

Avoid or limit the use of disciplined players.

1.14. Disciplined Players

Disciplined players* can be used to implement tactical discipline* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Sweeper (SW Defend)
  • Defensive Centre Back (CB Defend/Stopper/Cover)
  • Ball Winning Midfielder (DM/CM Defend/Support)
  • Defensive Full Back (FB Defend)
  • Poacher (CF Attack)

Avoid or limit the use of creative players.

1.15. Tight-Marking Players

Tight-marking players* can be used to implement tight marking* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Players instructed to Mark Tighter.

Avoid or limit the use of loose-marking players.

1.16. Loose-Marking Players

Loose-marking players* can be used to implement loose marking* as a player-based style method*.

There are no suitable player instructions or player roles and duties. However, you can still avoid or limit the use of tight-marking players.

1.17. Hard-Tackling Players

Hard-tackling players* can be used to implement tackling* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Players instructed to Tackle Harder.

Player roles and duties:

  • Defensive Midfielder (DM Support)
  • Ball Winning Midfielder (DM/CM Defend/Support)
  • Defensive Winger (WM Defend/Support)
  • Defensive Forward (CF Defend/Support)

Avoid or limit the use of easy-tackling players.

1.18. Easy-Tackling Players

Easy-tackling players* can be used to implement holding off* as a player-based style method*.

Tactical roles:

  • Players instructed to Ease Off Tackles.

Player roles and duties:

  • Trequartista (AM/CF Attack)

Avoid or limit the use of hard-tackling players.

2. Supporting Partnerships

A supporting partnership* is a type of vertical movement partnership*.

Supporting partnerships can be implemented on the flanks and in central attack by assigning appropriate tactical roles to an offensive partner* and a supporting partner* in each partnership.

The offensive partner should be assigned a more advanced playing position than the supporting partner (or, in central attack, both can be level with each other) and be instructed to make forward movement ahead of the supporting partner.

The tactical roles that can be used to implement supporting partnerships are detailed below. The suitability of supporting partnerships for different playing styles is detailed in the Playing Styles guide.

2.1. Offensive Partner (The Flanks)

Tactical role:

  • A player assigned an advanced wide playing position* and instructed to Get Further Forward.

Player roles and duties:

  • Wide Midfielder (WM Attack)
  • Winger (WM/WF Attack)
  • Inside Forward (WF Attack)
  • Wide Target Man (WF Attack)
  • Raumdeuter (WF Attack)

The use of an assigned advanced wide player (as opposed to an auxiliary* advanced wide player) and Get Further Forward is recommended so that the player can be given stretching play* on the flank as a designated responsibility*.

However, if the supporting partner is instructed to Get Further Forward and given stretching play on the flank as a designated responsibility then the following tactical role is also possible for the offensive partner:

  • A wide and off-centre centre midfielder or attacking midfielder acting as an auxiliary wing midfielder or wing forward and instructed to Get Further Forward.

Player roles and duties:

  • Central Midfielder (CM Attack)
  • Attacking Midfielder (AM Attack)
  • Shadow Striker (AM Attack)

2.2. Supporting Partner (The Flanks)

Tactical role:

Player roles and duties:

  • Full Back (FB Defend/Support/Attack)
  • Wing Back (FB/WB Defend/Support/Attack)
  • Limited Full Back (FB Defend)
  • Complete Wing Back (FB/WB Support/Attack)
  • Inverted Wing Back (FB/WB Support)

The use of an assigned deep wide player (as opposed to an auxiliary* deep wide player) is recommended to achieve an appropriate positional structure* on the flank. However, unlike most other supporting partners he may be instructed to Get Further Forward so as to act as an offensive player*, as he will still tend to make forward movement behind the offensive partner.

2.3. Offensive Partner (Central Attack)

Tactical role:

  • A player assigned a centre forward playing position* and instructed to Get Further Forward.

Player roles and duties:

  • Deep Lying Forward (CF Attack)
  • Advanced Forward (CF Attack)
  • Target Man (CF Attack)
  • Poacher (CF Attack)
  • Complete Forward (CF Attack)

The use of an assigned centre forward (as opposed to an auxiliary* centre forward) is recommended to achieve an appropriate positional structure* in central attack.

The use of Get Further Forward is recommended so that the player can be given stretching play* in central attack as a designated responsibility*.

2.4. Supporting Partner (Central Attack)

Tactical role:

  • A player assigned a centre forward playing position*, or a player instructed to play in an attacking midfielder playing position* (possibly as a wing forward acting as an auxiliary* attacking midfielder, or possibly as a centre midfielder instructed to Get Further Forward acting as an auxiliary attacking midfielder), but not instructed to Get Further Forward (except in the case of a centre midfielder) and also not instructed to Hold Position.

Player roles and duties:

  • Central Midfielder (CM Attack)
  • Advanced Playmaker (WF/AM Support/Attack)
  • Inside Forward (WF Support)
  • Attacking Midfielder (AM Support)
  • Trequartista (AM Attack)
  • Enganche (AM Attack)
  • Deep Lying Forward (CF Support)
  • Target Man (CF Support)
  • Complete Forward (CF Support)
  • Defensive Forward (CF Support)
  • Trequartista (CF Attack)
  • False Nine (CF Support)

The use of Get Further Forward is not generally recommended so that space is more likely to be created in central attack through the relative movement* of the two partners. However, for a centre midfielder this is less likely to be an issue and the use of Get Further Forward is recommended so that the player can be given stretching play* in central attack as a supported responsibility*.

Similarly, the use of Hold Position is not recommended so that the player can be given stretching play in central attack as a supported responsibility.

3. Overlapping Partnerships

An overlapping partnership* is a type of vertical movement partnership*.

Overlapping partnerships are can be implemented on the flanks and in central attack by assigning appropriate tactical roles to an offensive partner* and a supporting partner* in each partnership.

The offensive partner should be assigned a deeper playing position than the supporting partner and be instructed to make forward movement towards and then ahead of the supporting partner.

The tactical roles that can be used to implement overlapping partnerships are detailed below. The suitability of overlapping partnerships for different playing styles is detailed in the Playing Styles guide.

3.1. Offensive Partner (The Flanks)

Tactical role:

  • A player assigned a deep wide playing position* and instructed to Get Further Forward.

Player roles and duties:

  • Full Back (FB Attack)
  • Wing Back (FB/WB Support/Attack)
  • Complete Wing Back (FB/WB Support/Attack)

The use of an assigned deep wide player (as opposed to an auxiliary* deep wide player) and Get Further Forward is recommended so that the player can be given stretching play* on the flank as a designated responsibility*.

The use of an assigned deep wide player is also recommended to achieve an appropriate positional structure* on the flank.

3.2. Supporting Partner (The Flanks)

Tactical role:

  • A player instructed to play in an advanced wide playing position* (possibly as a wide and off-centre centre midfielder or attacking midfielder acting as an auxiliary* wing midfielder or wing forward) but not instructed to Get Further Forward.

Player roles and duties:

  • Wide Midfielder (WM Defend/Support)
  • Winger (WM/WF Support)
  • Defensive Winger (WM Defend/Support)
  • Wide Playmaker (WM Support/Attack)
  • Advanced Playmaker (WF Support/Attack)
  • Inside Forward (WF Support)
  • Wide Target Man (WF Support)

Player roles and duties (if not using an advanced wide playing position*):

  • Off-centre centre midfielder (CM Defend/Support)
  • Off-centre deep lying playmaker (CM Defend/Support)
  • Off-centre ball winning midfielder (CM Defend/Support)
  • Off-centre box to box midfielder (CM Support)
  • Off-centre advanced playmaker (CM/AM Support/Attack)
  • Off-centre roaming playmaker (CM Support)
  • Off-centre attacking midfielder (AM support)
  • Off-centre trequartista (AM Attack)
  • Off-centre enganche (AM Attack)

3.3. Offensive Partner (Central Attack)

Tactical role:

  • A player instructed to play in an attacking midfielder playing position* (possibly as a wing forward acting as an auxiliary* attacking midfielder) and instructed to Get Further Forward.

Player roles and duties:

  • Inside Forward (WF Attack)
  • Raumdeuter (WF Attack)
  • Attacking Midfielder (AM Attack)
  • Shadow Striker (AM Attack)

The use of Get Further Forward is recommended so that the player can be given stretching play* in central attack as a designated responsibility*.

3.4. Supporting Partner (Central Attack)

Tactical role:

  • A player assigned a centre forward playing position* but not instructed to Get Further Forward.

Player roles and duties:

  • Deep Lying Forward (CF Support)
  • Target Man (CF Support)
  • Complete Forward (CF Support)
  • Defensive Forward (CF Defend/Support)
  • Trequartista (CF Attack)
  • False Nine (CF Support)

The use of an assigned centre forward (as opposed to an auxiliary* centre forward) is recommended to achieve an appropriate positional structure* in central attack.

4. Number-Ten Central Attackers

A number-ten central attacker is a player who is given creating chances* in central attack as a designated responsibility* through the assignment of an appropriate tactical role.

Appropriate tactical roles for number-ten central attackers are detailed below. Their suitability for different playing styles is detailed in the Playing Styles guide.

4.1. Technical Number-Tens

Tactical role:

Player roles and duties:

  • Advanced Playmaker (CM/WF/AM Support/Attack)
  • Wide Playmaker (WM Attack)
  • Inside Forward (WF Support)
  • Trequartista (AM/CF Attack)
  • Enganche (AM Attack)
  • Deep Lying Forward (CF Support)
  • Complete Forward (CF Support)
  • False Nine (CF Support)

4.2. Target-Men

Tactical role:

Player roles and duties:

  • Deep Lying Forward (CF Support/Attack)
  • Target Man (CF Support/Attack)
  • Complete Forward (CF Support/Attack)

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