Contents [Show]

Player tutoring works by pairing a young player (a tutee) with a senior player (a tutor). The tutee will then shadow his tutor for a period of time. During this period the tutee's personality attributes (Ambition, Controversy, Loyalty, Pressure, Professionalism, Sportsmanship and Temperament) and Determination attribute will change to more closely match those of the tutor. Depending on the type of tutoring, the tutee may also learn some of the tutor's preferred moves.

If the two players get on well then the tutoring will last for 180 days (approximately six months) and the relationship between the two players will improve.

However, the two players may fall out with each other during the tutoring due to a personality clash or personal differences, and so instead the tutoring will end earlier and their relationship will worsen. Despite this, the tutee's personality attributes and Determination will still change over the period of the tutoring and he may also learn preferred moves. The shorter time of the tutoring simply means that the attribute changes will be smaller and he will have less opportunity to learn any preferred moves.

Whatever the result of the tutoring, after it has finished the tutee can be paired with an alternative tutor.

Therefore, as long as tutees are paired with tutors who have good personality attributes to pass on, tutoring can almost always be viewed as being beneficial.

1. The Benefits of Tutoring

Tutoring can be a particularly effective tool for developing your young players and comes at no cost, unless you choose to pay for experienced players solely for their use in tutoring, rather than for the benefits that they may provide your team on the pitch.

Most notably, using tutoring to increase the Professionalism and Ambition personality attributes of your developing players will enable them to improve more quickly in training, while higher Determination will result in better performances on the pitch and higher Professionalism will also have other beneficial effects off the pitch.

The Player Personalities guide discusses the effects of each personality attribute.

In addition, tutoring can be the most efficient way to teach players new preferred moves since, unlike preferred move training, it does not add to the individual workload of a player or take individual training time away from other individual training, and it can give a player more than one preferred move at a time. It is also the only way to teach those preferred moves that cannot be trained.

The Player Preferred Moves guide details which preferred moves can only be learned by tutoring, while the Preferred Move Training guide explains the disadvantages of preferred move training.

Furthermore, any improvements in the relationships between the players in your team, which can be caused as a direct result of tutoring and also indirectly from the development of a squad of players with similar, positive personalities, will lead to better morale, and so better team performances.

Finally, tutoring can be an ongoing cycle in which you develop the personalities and preferred moves of players who will later be able to pass these on to your club's future youth when they become tutors themselves.

2. When to Tutor a Player

It is best to give a developing player tutoring as early as possible. The earlier he increases his Personality and Ambition the sooner he will be able to benefit from quicker improvements in training and therefore the sooner he is likely to be good enough to gain match experience at a high level, either at your club or out on loan.

3. Tutoring Requirements

There are certain conditions that must be met for a tutor and a tutee to be paired. These include the following:

  • The tutor and tutee must share a good level of familiarity with a common position. For example, a tutor might be competent in a position where the tutee is accomplished. A player's position familiarity can be seen on the Information section of his Overview tab.
  • The tutor must have a higher reputation than the tutee. You can view a player's reputation description on the Information section of his Overview tab as a guide but this description will not tell you a player's exact reputation rating.
  • The tutor must be at least 24 years old and at least a few years older than the tutee, although your club captain can be a tutor at any age.
  • The tutee must be no more than 23 years old.
  • The tutor must have sufficient importance within the squad.
  • The tutee must not already be an established member of the first team.
  • The tutee must have a squad status of rotation or lower.
  • The tutor and the tutee must not be injured.
  • The tutor must not be undertaking preferred move training.
  • A tutor can only tutor one player at a time and cannot tutor a new player until approximately five weeks after he has finished tutoring.
  • A tutee can only be tutored by one player at a time but can be tutored by a new player immediately after he has finished being tutored.

4. How to Start Tutoring

Tutoring can be started by selecting Request Tutoring from the prospective tutor's Interaction drop-down and then selecting a tutee.

You can also initiate tutoring, via either the prospective tutor or tutee, from the Training section of the player's Development tab by selecting one of the suggested players on the Most Suitable Tutees/Tutors panel. If no tutees or tutors are available then this panel will give you the reasons why.

You may find that some pairings that are available by using the prospective tutee's Most Suitable Tutors panel are not available if you try to start tutoring directly from the prospective tutor. Therefore, it is advisable to check this panel to see all possible pairings.

4.1. Tutoring Options

There are two options that you will have to choose from when starting tutoring. Each has a different effect on the tutoring and therefore you should choose carefully. The options are:

I'd like you to tutor [the tutee] as I feel you can help improve his game - this allows the tutor's preferred moves to be potentially learned by the tutee.

I think it would be beneficial if you were to take [the tutee] under your wing and mentor him off the pitch - this prevents any possibility of the tutor's preferred moves being learned by the tutee.

Both options result in the tutee's personality attributes and Determination changing over the period of the tutoring to more closely match those of the tutor.

Therefore the option you select should depend on whether you are happy for any of the tutor's preferred moves to be passed on to the tutee. If the tutor has any preferred moves that you do not want to be passed on then you should choose the second option.

5. How to Choose a Tutor

A developing player's tutor should be chosen very carefully.

The personalities of the two players are a particularly important factor and so you should always look at the personality description for each of your prospective tutors and tutees. If a tutor has a personality attribute that is rated higher than that of the tutee then there will be a tendency for the tutee's rating for that attribute to increase. Conversely though, the opposite is also true and a tutee's personality can be made worse by a tutor with poorer personality attributes.

The Player Personalities guide explains what each personality description means in terms of a player's actual personality attributes.

To select a suitable pairing you should consider the following points:

  • The tutor should have a positive personality and should ideally have higher Professionalism than the tutee. Professionalism is the most important attribute to consider, and both Professionalism and Ambition are important for player development as explained above.
  • The tutor should ideally have better Determination than the tutee. However, it can be worth a player incurring a small reduction in Determination in order to increase his Professionalism or Ambition. You may be able to tutor him with a more determined player in the future to bring his Determination rating back up.
  • Players with similar personalities are less likely to fall out during tutoring. As such, you may want to take a patient approach to improving a tutee's personality attributes by using multiple tutors. For example, you could use a player with average Professionalism to tutor a player with poor Professionalism, and later use a tutor with higher Professionalism to increase this attribute further. Such an approach is not essential however, as even if the tutoring ends early it will still have led to some personality changes for the tutee, while a seemingly unsuitable pairing can arguably be worth the risk of the players falling out if the tutee has a poor personality that needs to be greatly improved. Furthermore, it is still possible for players to fall out even if they have seemingly well matched personalities. Nonetheless, pairing players with similar personalities would be particularly helpful if the main intention of tutoring is to try to pass on preferred moves, as this will increase the likelihood of the tutoring lasting for the full 180 days, giving more time for preferred moves to be learned.

The players on a prospective tutee's Most Suitable Tutors panel are considered most likely to get on well with him due to having similar personalities. Selecting one of these players as the tutor will therefore result in a lower likelihood of the players falling out. However, they are not necessarily the best tutors to choose as they may not give desirable personality changes or preferred moves to the tutee.

  • If your intention is to try to pass on one or more preferred moves using the first of the two tutoring options then the tutor should ideally not possess any other preferred moves that are unsuitable for the tutee. Any unwanted preferred moves picked up by the tutee can potentially be unlearned through preferred move training later, but this may not be successful and will take up individual training time and add to his individual workload.

The Player Preferred Moves guide provides details of which preferred moves may be unsuitable for a player.

  • You should ensure that you give preference to those developing players who have higher potential ability when allocating tutors, as it is more beneficial to aid their improvement than that of your lesser prospects and a senior player can only tutor one player at a time. If you have spare tutors then you can still benefit from giving your lesser prospects tutoring, even if you plan on selling them later, as better development can make them more valuable, but you should not allow this to prevent your best prospects from being tutored, including any you may sign in the next six months.

Sports Interactive Star Affiliate




More Info

Guide to FM App

Download our iOS app.

Follow Us

+GuidetoFM on The Tifo Project - join The Tifo Project and discover great new FM content from around the web.

@GuidetoFM on Twitter

Other Links

Guide to Football - A guide to tactical theory

FM Weekly - Articles tweeted in the past 7 days from some popular FM Twitter accounts.

Team Talk Guidelines - What team talks to use and when to use them. The old team talks guide for FM 2014.

FM 2017 Best Players

Football Manager (1982) - learn about and play the original Football Manager.

Football Results - Check the latest scores and results.

Footy Informer - Get the latest football betting tips and previews.

The Soccer Blog - Blogging the beautiful game.